SORA Update (May 2014)
The Sex Offender Registration Act may be revised to conform to mandates under the federal Sex Offenders Registration and Notification Act, part of the Adam Walsh Act. Specifically, the bill would split listed offenses into three Tiers. The three tiers would be divided up into Tier 1, Tier 2, and Tier 3. Tier 1 would be for the least serious offenses. The number system is unfortunately inconsistent with the majority of criminal offenses in Michigan and in the United States that are generally divided into degrees with “1st” being the most serious. This will undoubtedly lead to some confusion.
Under the proposed amendment, the required registration period would be for 15 years for Tier 1 offenses, twenty-five years for Tier 2 offenses, and for life on Tier 3 offenses.
Tier 1 registrants will have to report annually, Tier 2 registrants would have to report bi-annually and lifetime registrants, Tier 3, would have to register quarterly (4 times per year).
In addition, some convictions based upon “consensual encounters” would be excluded from the requirement for registration. The Michigan Sentencing Guidelines would receive an amendment and would reflect the change in the maximum sentence for failing to register or report as required. The new maximum sentence would be up to 2 years in prison. (SB 188, 189 and 206).
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