HATE CRIMES LEGISLATION
The Matthew Shepard and James Byrd, Jr. Hate Crimes Prevention Act of 2009 created a new federal criminal law which criminalizes the willful causing of bodily injury for, or attempting to do so, with fire, firearm, or other dangerous weapon, when: (1) the crime was committed because of an actual or perceived race, color, religion, national origin of any person, or (2) the crime was committed because of the actual or perceived religion, national origin, gender, sexual orientation, gender identity, or disability of any person and the crime affected interstate or foreign commerce or occurred within federal special maritime or territorial jurisdiction.
Matthew Shepard was a student at the University of Wyoming who was beaten, tortured and left to die near Laramie, Wyoming in 1998. He did die 6 days later from severe head injuries. Two men were arrested shortly after the attack. During the trial of one of his killers, it was widely reported that Shepard was targeted because he was gay; a Laramie police officer testified at a pretrial hearing that the violence against Shepard was triggered by how the attacker “[felt] about gays”, per an interview of the attacker’s girlfriend.
James Byrd Jr. was an African-American who was murdered Texas by three men in 1998. At least two of the men were white supremacists. Shawn Berry, Lawrence Russell Brewer, and John King dragged Byrd for three miles behind a pick-up truck along an asphalt road.
The heinous acts that killed Mr. Shepard and Mr. Byrd also led to the passage of many state hate crime laws.
MICHIGAN’S ETHNIC INTIMIDATION ACT
Michigan’s Ethnic Intimidation Act (MCL 750.147b) provides that a person is guilty of ethnic intimidation if that person maliciously, and with specific intent to intimidate or harass another person because of the person’s race, color, religion, gender, or national origin, does any of the following: (a) causes physical contact with another person. (b) damages, destroys, or defaces real or personal property of another person. (c) threatens, by word or act, to do one of the acts described above, of there is reasonable cause to believe that an act will occur. Violation of this act is a felony punishable by no more than 2 years in prison or by a fine of not more than $5,000 or both. There is also the possibility of civil damages.
It is important to note that Michigan’s Ethnic Intimidation Act does not specifically protect sexual orientation and gender identity issues.
MICHIGAN CRIMINAL DEFENSE ATTORNEYS EXPERIENCED IN DEFENSE OF HATE CRIME PROSECUTIONS
Hate crimes are “regular” crimes with the inclusion of race, religion, sexual orientation, etc. as an element. If you are charged with the commission of a crime and the government has wrongfully made the charge a “hate crime” you must have expert legal representation to protect your interests and to assure that you are not charged improperly. Also, there is a very real possibility that there will be media coverage. You do not want to face media scrutiny without the assistance of attorneys who are experts in dealing with the defense of people charged with commission of a crime. You need someone to protect you and who will stand between you and the media spotlight and the government. The attorneys at LEWIS & DICKSTEIN, P.L.L.C. are recognized experts in the field of defending people charged with violations of the criminal law. Our attorneys have decades of experience practicing exclusively criminal law. If you, or someone you know, is facing felony or misdemeanor criminal charges, please contact the attorneys atLEWIS & DICKSTEIN, P.L.L.C. at (248) 263-6800 or complete a Request for Assistance Form and one of our attorneys will contact you
“We Are Not Afraid To Win”
LEWIS & DICKSTEIN, P.L.L.C.