Can you be DUI in a parked car?
The answer is that it depends. To be convicted of an OWI in a parked car, a prosecutor must prove beyond a reasonable doubt that the person was operating a motor vehicle. Usually operating is not an issue. However, it does become an issue if the person is found sleeping or passed out in a car along the side of a road or in a parking lot.
The passed out or sleeping person can be the basis for a possible motion to dismiss or make it difficult to raise reasonable doubt at trial because of the question of whether they were operating. The person must be in “actual physical control” of the vehicle. In recent years, Michigan court’s have defined operating many different ways.
What is “operating” under the influence of alcohol?
In 1995, the Michigan Supreme Court decided the case of People v Wood. The Wood case defined operating as “[o]perating should be defined in terms of the danger the OUIL statute seeks to prevent: the collision of a vehicle being operated by a person under the influence of intoxicating liquor with other persons or property. Once a person using a motor vehicle as a motor vehicle has put the vehicle in motion, or in a position posing a significant risk of causing a collision, such a person continues to operate it until the vehicle is returned to a position posing no such a risk.” So, a person is in actual physical control until the risk of collision no longer exists.
There are cases that allow that a person can be convicted based on circumstantial evidence if a reasonable conclusion could be reached that the person was operating the motor vehicle sometime before the arrest. This can be difficult if the prosecutor cannot show beyond a reasonable doubt that the person was driving (and not someone else) and the blood alcohol was over the legal limit at the time the vehicle was operated. The claim is almost always that the drinking occurred after the car was parked.
The questions are often was the car running or off? Was the car in drive, neutral or park? Where the keys in the ignition? The Michigan Court of Appeals has found that a person can use a car as a shelter and found that there was no actual physical control because there was no intent to put the car in gear. In another case, the Court of Appeals also decided the driver was in actual physical control when the car was put in gear but never moved. The act of putting the car in gear placed the car “in a position of posing a significant risk of causing a collision”.
This is a very complex area of the law and is often decided on a case by case basis.
Drunk Driving Law in Michigan is Complicated
If you are facing DUI charges it is extremely important that you get the premier DUI attorneys in Michigan to immediately help you. There are often deadlines that cannot be missed without causing consequences such as license suspensions or even arrest warrants. The attorneys at LEWIS & DICKSTEIN, P.L.L.C. are some of the highest regarded DUI attorneys in Michigan. Our attorneys have taken the time to become well-educated and well-versed in the area of defending people charged with drunk driving. We are highly regarded by police officers, prosecutors and judges. The defense of a drunk driver is far more complicated then the “average” lawyer believes. That is why it is important to put your future and trust in the hands of the highly successful and highly experienced attorneys of LEWIS & DICKSTEIN, P.L.L.C. Call us at (248) 263-6800 or complete a Request for Assistance Form and one of our top-notch attorneys will call you.
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